Les jours de la semaine en français
(The days of the week in French)
le jour = the day (singular)
les jours = the days (plural)
la semaine = the week
The French days of the week do NOT start with a capital letter as in English.
- lundi – Monday
- mardi – Tuesday
- mercredi – Wednesday
- jeudi – Thursday
- vendredi – Friday
- samedi – Saturday
- dimanche – Sunday
Notice how the “work” days of the week all end in di.
En France, le premier jour de la semaine est le lundi.
(In France, the first day of the week is lundi – Monday)
Some other words that are associated with days of the week include:
- hier = yesterday
- aujourd’hui = today
- demain = tomorrow
- ce soir = tonight
And everyone’s favorite…
Samedi et dimanche = le weekend (yes, it’s borrowed from English). It is sometimes written as le week-end which is also considered correct.
You may see the official la fin de semaine but you will almost never hear it outside of Quebec.
The abbreviations for the days of the week in French are:
lun. mar. mer. jeu. ven. sam. dim.
You will notice that the abbreviation of each is just its first three letters.
How to ask what day it is in French
If you would like to know what day it is, you ask:
- Quel jour est-il (aujourd’hui)? – What day is it (today)?
And the response will be the name of the day by itself, or:
- Il est … mercredi. – Today is … Wednesday.
You may hear the question: Quel jour sommes-nous?
With the response being: Nous sommes mercredi.
You may also hear the question: Quel jour est-ce?
With the response being: C’est mercredi.
You may also hear the question: Quel jour est-on?
With the response being: On est mercredi. This is more informal
Quel est votre jour préféré de la semaine (= What is your favorite day of the week?)
Mon jour préféré est le …
NOTE: All of the days of the week in French are masculine.